Study: eICU Program Has Little Effect on Mortality, Length of Stay

May 15, 2014 in News

The adoption of telehealth monitoring programs in intensive care units was not associated with a significant decrease in mortality rates or length of stay, according to a study published in JAMA Internal Medicine, FierceHealthIT reports

Study Details

For the study, researchers compared patients pre- and post-telehealth implementation at eight ICUs — including seven Department of Veterans Affairs hospitals — as well as at control ICUs that did not implement a telehealth program (Hall, FierceHealthIT, 5/14).

The study included 3,355 patients treated at the intervention ICUs during 2011 and 2012, as well as 3,584 patients similar in demographics and health who were treated at control ICUs during the same time period (Nassar et al., JAMA Internal Medicine, 5/12).

Study Findings

After comparing the data, the researchers found no statistical difference in:

  • 30-day mortality rates; and
  • Length of stay (FierceHealthIT, 5/14).

For example, the study found that unadjusted 30-day mortality rates at intervention ICUs rose from 7.7% pre-implementation to 7.8% post-implementation, while 30-day mortality rates at control ICUs declined from 12.0% to 10.2% during the study period (JAMA Internal Medicine, 5/12).

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